## table of contents

complexGTcomputational(3) | LAPACK | complexGTcomputational(3) |

# NAME¶

complexGTcomputational# SYNOPSIS¶

## Functions¶

subroutine

**cgtcon**(NORM, N, DL, D, DU, DU2, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO)

**CGTCON**subroutine

**cgtrfs**(TRANS, N, NRHS, DL, D, DU, DLF, DF, DUF, DU2, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)

**CGTRFS**subroutine

**cgttrf**(N, DL, D, DU, DU2, IPIV, INFO)

**CGTTRF**subroutine

**cgttrs**(TRANS, N, NRHS, DL, D, DU, DU2, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)

**CGTTRS**subroutine

**cgtts2**(ITRANS, N, NRHS, DL, D, DU, DU2, IPIV, B, LDB)

**CGTTS2**solves a system of linear equations with a tridiagonal matrix using the LU factorization computed by sgttrf.

# Detailed Description¶

This is the group of complex computational functions for GT matrices# Function Documentation¶

## subroutine cgtcon (character NORM, integer N, complex, dimension( * ) DL, complex, dimension( * ) D, complex, dimension( * ) DU, complex, dimension( * ) DU2, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, real ANORM, real RCOND, complex, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)¶

**CGTCON**

**Purpose: **

CGTCON estimates the reciprocal of the condition number of a complex tridiagonal matrix A using the LU factorization as computed by CGTTRF. An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))).

**Parameters:**

*NORM*

NORM is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the 1-norm condition number or the infinity-norm condition number is required: = '1' or 'O': 1-norm; = 'I': Infinity-norm.

*N*

N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*DL*

DL is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A as computed by CGTTRF.

*D*

D is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.

*DU*

DU is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) elements of the first superdiagonal of U.

*DU2*

DU2 is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) The (n-2) elements of the second superdiagonal of U.

*IPIV*

IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices; for 1 <= i <= n, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). IPIV(i) will always be either i or i+1; IPIV(i) = i indicates a row interchange was not required.

*ANORM*

ANORM is REAL If NORM = '1' or 'O', the 1-norm of the original matrix A. If NORM = 'I', the infinity-norm of the original matrix A.

*RCOND*

RCOND is REAL The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A, computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine.

*WORK*

WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N)

*INFO*

INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author:**

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

## subroutine cgtrfs (character TRANS, integer N, integer NRHS, complex, dimension( * ) DL, complex, dimension( * ) D, complex, dimension( * ) DU, complex, dimension( * ) DLF, complex, dimension( * ) DF, complex, dimension( * ) DUF, complex, dimension( * ) DU2, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, real, dimension( * ) FERR, real, dimension( * ) BERR, complex, dimension( * ) WORK, real, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO)¶

**CGTRFS**

**Purpose: **

CGTRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is tridiagonal, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.

**Parameters:**

*TRANS*

TRANS is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)

*N*

N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*NRHS*

NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*DL*

DL is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) subdiagonal elements of A.

*D*

D is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The diagonal elements of A.

*DU*

DU is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) superdiagonal elements of A.

*DLF*

DLF is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A as computed by CGTTRF.

*DF*

DF is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.

*DUF*

DUF is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) elements of the first superdiagonal of U.

*DU2*

DU2 is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) The (n-2) elements of the second superdiagonal of U.

*IPIV*

IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices; for 1 <= i <= n, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). IPIV(i) will always be either i or i+1; IPIV(i) = i indicates a row interchange was not required.

*B*

B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B.

*LDB*

LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*X*

X is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CGTTRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X.

*LDX*

LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).

*FERR*

FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.

*BERR*

BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).

*WORK*

WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N)

*RWORK*

RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N)

*INFO*

INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Internal Parameters: **

ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.

**Author:**

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

## subroutine cgttrf (integer N, complex, dimension( * ) DL, complex, dimension( * ) D, complex, dimension( * ) DU, complex, dimension( * ) DU2, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)¶

**CGTTRF**

**Purpose: **

CGTTRF computes an LU factorization of a complex tridiagonal matrix A using elimination with partial pivoting and row interchanges. The factorization has the form A = L * U where L is a product of permutation and unit lower bidiagonal matrices and U is upper triangular with nonzeros in only the main diagonal and first two superdiagonals.

**Parameters:**

*N*

N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A.

*DL*

DL is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) On entry, DL must contain the (n-1) sub-diagonal elements of A. On exit, DL is overwritten by the (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A.

*D*

D is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) On entry, D must contain the diagonal elements of A. On exit, D is overwritten by the n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.

*DU*

DU is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) On entry, DU must contain the (n-1) super-diagonal elements of A. On exit, DU is overwritten by the (n-1) elements of the first super-diagonal of U.

*DU2*

DU2 is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) On exit, DU2 is overwritten by the (n-2) elements of the second super-diagonal of U.

*IPIV*

IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices; for 1 <= i <= n, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). IPIV(i) will always be either i or i+1; IPIV(i) = i indicates a row interchange was not required.

*INFO*

INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = k, U(k,k) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it is used to solve a system of equations.

**Author:**

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

## subroutine cgttrs (character TRANS, integer N, integer NRHS, complex, dimension( * ) DL, complex, dimension( * ) D, complex, dimension( * ) DU, complex, dimension( * ) DU2, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)¶

**CGTTRS**

**Purpose: **

CGTTRS solves one of the systems of equations A * X = B, A**T * X = B, or A**H * X = B, with a tridiagonal matrix A using the LU factorization computed by CGTTRF.

**Parameters:**

*TRANS*

TRANS is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations. = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)

*N*

N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A.

*NRHS*

NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*DL*

DL is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A.

*D*

D is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.

*DU*

DU is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) elements of the first super-diagonal of U.

*DU2*

DU2 is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) The (n-2) elements of the second super-diagonal of U.

*IPIV*

*B*

B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the matrix of right hand side vectors B. On exit, B is overwritten by the solution vectors X.

*LDB*

LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*INFO*

INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value

**Author:**

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

## subroutine cgtts2 (integer ITRANS, integer N, integer NRHS, complex, dimension( * ) DL, complex, dimension( * ) D, complex, dimension( * ) DU, complex, dimension( * ) DU2, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB)¶

**CGTTS2**solves a system of linear equations with a tridiagonal matrix using the LU factorization computed by sgttrf.

**Purpose: **

CGTTS2 solves one of the systems of equations A * X = B, A**T * X = B, or A**H * X = B, with a tridiagonal matrix A using the LU factorization computed by CGTTRF.

**Parameters:**

*ITRANS*

ITRANS is INTEGER Specifies the form of the system of equations. = 0: A * X = B (No transpose) = 1: A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 2: A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)

*N*

N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A.

*NRHS*

NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*DL*

DL is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A.

*D*

D is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.

*DU*

DU is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) elements of the first super-diagonal of U.

*DU2*

DU2 is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) The (n-2) elements of the second super-diagonal of U.

*IPIV*

*B*

B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the matrix of right hand side vectors B. On exit, B is overwritten by the solution vectors X.

*LDB*

LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

**Author:**

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

# Author¶

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