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keytest(3elektra) Elektra keytest(3elektra)

NAME

keytest - Methods for Making Tests

Methods to do various tests on Keys.

Functions


int keyCmp (const Key *k1, const Key *k2)
Compare the name of two keys. int keyNeedSync (const Key *key)
Test if a key needs to be synced to backend storage. int keyIsSystem (const Key *key)
Check whether a key is under the system namespace or not. int keyIsUser (const Key *key)
Check whether a key is under the user namespace or not. int keyIsBelow (const Key *key, const Key *check)
Check if the key check is below the key key or not. int keyIsDirectBelow (const Key *key, const Key *check)
Check if the key check is direct below the key key or not. int keyRel (const Key *key, const Key *check)
Information about the relation in the hierarchy between two keys. int keyIsInactive (const Key *key)
Check whether a key is inactive. int keyIsBinary (const Key *key)
Check if a key is binary type. int keyIsString (const Key *key)
Check if a key is string type.

Detailed Description

Methods to do various tests on Keys.

To use them:

#include <kdb.h>

Function Documentation

int keyCmp (const Key * k1, const Key * k2)

Compare the name of two keys.

Returns:

a number less than, equal to or greater than zero if k1 is found, respectively, to be less than, to match, or be greater than k2.

The comparison is based on a strcmp of the keynames, and iff they match a strcmp of the owner will be used to distuingish. If even this matches the keys are found to be exactly the same and 0 is returned. These two keys can't be used in the same KeySet.

keyCmp() defines the sorting order for a KeySet.

The following 3 points are the rules for null values:

  • A null pointer will be found to be smaller than every other key. If both are null pointers, 0 is returned.
  • A null name will be found to be smaller than every other name. If both are null names, 0 is returned.

If the name is equal then:

No owner will be found to be smaller then every other owner. If both don't have a owner, 0 is returned.

Note:

the owner will only be used if the names are equal.

Often is enough to know if the other key is less then or greater then the other one. But Sometimes you need more precise information, see keyRel().

Given any Keys k1 and k2 constructed with keyNew(), following equation hold true:


Here are some more examples:

1 Key *k1 = keyNew("user/a", KEY_END);
2 Key *k2 = keyNew("user/b", KEY_END);
3 
4 // keyCmp(k1,k2) < 0
5 // keyCmp(k2,k1) > 0

And even more:

1 Key *k1 = keyNew("user/a", KEY_OWNER, "markus", KEY_END);
2 Key *k2 = keyNew("user/a", KEY_OWNER, "max", KEY_END);
3 
4 // keyCmp(k1,k2) < 0
5 // keyCmp(k2,k1) > 0

Do not strcmp the keyName() yourself because the result differs from simple ascii comparison.

Parameters:

k1 the first key object to compare with
k2 the second key object to compare with

See also:

ksAppendKey(), ksAppend() will compare keys when appending

ksLookup() will compare keys during searching

int keyIsBelow (const Key * key, const Key * check)

Check if the key check is below the key key or not. Example:

key user/sw/app
check user/sw/app/key

returns true because check is below key

Example:

key user/sw/app
check user/sw/app/folder/key

returns also true because check is indirect below key

Obviously, there is no key above a namespace (e.g. user, system, /):

key *
check user

Parameters:

key the key object to work with
check the key to find the relative position of

Return values:

1 if check is below key
0 if it is not below or if it is the same key

See also:

keySetName(), keyGetName(), keyIsDirectBelow()

int keyIsBinary (const Key * key)

Check if a key is binary type. The function checks if the key is a binary. Opposed to string values binary values can have '\0' inside the value and may not be terminated by a null character. Their disadvantage is that you need to pass their size.

Make sure to use this function and don't test the binary type another way to ensure compatibility and to write less error prone programs.

Return values:

1 if it is binary
0 if it is not
-1 on NULL pointer

See also:

keyGetBinary(), keySetBinary()

Parameters:

key the key to check

int keyIsDirectBelow (const Key * key, const Key * check)

Check if the key check is direct below the key key or not.

Example:
key user/sw/app
check user/sw/app/key
returns true because check is below key
Example:
key user/sw/app
check user/sw/app/folder/key
does not return true, because there is only a indirect relation

Parameters:

key the key object to work with
check the key to find the relative position of

Return values:

1 if check is below key
0 if it is not below or if it is the same key
-1 on null pointer

See also:

keyIsBelow(), keySetName(), keyGetName()

int keyIsInactive (const Key * key)

Check whether a key is inactive. In Elektra terminology a hierarchy of keys is inactive if the rootkey's basename starts with '.'. So a key is also inactive if it is below an inactive key. For example, user/key/.hidden is inactive and so is user/.hidden/below.

Inactive keys should not have any meaning to applications, they are only a convention reserved for users and administrators. To automatically remove all inactive keys for an application, consider to use the hidden plugin.

Parameters:

key the key object to work with

Return values:

1 if the key is inactive
0 if the key is active
-1 on NULL pointer or when key has no name

int keyIsString (const Key * key)

Check if a key is string type. String values are null terminated and are not allowed to have any '\0' characters inside the string.

Make sure to use this function and don't test the string type another way to ensure compatibility and to write less error prone programs.

Return values:

1 if it is string
0 if it is not
-1 on NULL pointer

See also:

keyGetString(), keySetString()

Parameters:

key the key to check

int keyIsSystem (const Key * key)

Check whether a key is under the system namespace or not.

Parameters:

key the key object to work with

Return values:

1 if key name begins with system, 0 otherwise
-1 on NULL pointer

See also:

keyIsUser(), keySetName(), keyName()

int keyIsUser (const Key * key)

Check whether a key is under the user namespace or not.

Parameters:

key the key object to work with

Return values:

1 if key name begins with user, 0 otherwise
-1 on NULL pointer

See also:

keyIsSystem(), keySetName(), keyName()

int keyNeedSync (const Key * key)

Test if a key needs to be synced to backend storage. If any key modification took place the key will be flagged so that kdbSet() knows which keys were modified and which not.

After keyNew() the flag will normally be set, but after kdbGet() and kdbSet() the flag will be removed. When you modify the key the flag will be set again.

In your application you can make use of that flag to know if you changed something in a key after a kdbGet() or kdbSet().

Note:

Note that the sync status will be updated on any change, including meta data.

Deprecated

The handling of synchronization is done internally and does not need to be checked by neither application nor plugins.

See also:

after keyNew(), keyDup() keys need sync

Parameters:

key the key object to work with

Return values:

1 if key was changed in memory, 0 otherwise
-1 on NULL pointer

int keyRel (const Key * key, const Key * check)

Information about the relation in the hierarchy between two keys. Unlike keyCmp() the number gives information about hierarchical information.
If the keys are the same 0 is returned. So it is the key itself.

user/key
user/key

1 keySetName (key, "user/key/folder");
2 keySetName (check, "user/key/folder");
3 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) == 0, "should be same");

Note:

this relation can be checked with keyCmp() too.
If the key is direct below the other one 1 is returned. That means that, in terms of hierarchy, no other key is between them - it is a direct child.

user/key/folder
user/key/folder/child

1 keySetName (key, "user/key/folder");
2 keySetName (check, "user/key/folder/child");
3 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) == 1, "should be direct below");
If the key is below the other one, but not directly 2 is returned. This is also called grand-child.

user/key/folder
user/key/folder/any/depth/deeper/grand-child

1 keySetName (key, "user/key/folder");
2 keySetName (check, "user/key/folder/any/depth/deeper/grand-child");
3 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) >= 2, "should be below (but not direct)");
4 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) > 0, "should be below");
5 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) >= 0, "should be the same or below");
  • If a invalid or null ptr key is passed, -1 is returned
  • If the keys have no relations, but are not invalid, -2 is returned.
  • If the keys are in the same hierarchy, a value smaller then -2 is returned. It means that the key is not below.

user/key/myself
user/key/sibling

1 keySetName (key, "user/key/folder");
2 keySetName (check, "user/notsame/folder");
3 succeed_if (keyRel (key, check) < -2, "key is not below, but same namespace");


TODO Below is an idea how it could be extended: It could continue the search into the other direction if any (grand-)parents are equal.

If the keys are direct below a key which is next to the key, -2 is returned. This is also called nephew. (TODO not implemented)

user/key/myself
user/key/sibling
If the keys are direct below a key which is next to the key, -2 is returned. This is also called nephew. (TODO not implemented)

user/key/myself
user/key/sibling/nephew
If the keys are below a key which is next to the key, -3 is returned. This is also called grand-nephew. (TODO not implemented)

user/key/myself
user/key/sibling/any/depth/deeper/grand-nephew

The same holds true for the other direction, but with negative values. For no relation INT_MIN is returned.

Note:

to check if the keys are the same, you must use keyCmp() == 0! keyRel() does not give you the information if it did not find a relation or if it is the same key.

Returns:

depending on the relation

Return values:

2 if below
1 if direct below
0 if the same
-1 on null or invalid keys
-2 if none of any other relation
-3 if same hierarchy (none of those below)
-4 if sibling (in same hierarchy)
-5 if nephew (in same hierarchy)

Parameters:

key the key object to work with
check the second key object to check the relation with

Author

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