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doc_tutorials_compilation-variants_md(3elektra) Elektra doc_tutorials_compilation-variants_md(3elektra)

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doc_tutorials_compilation-variants_md - Compilation Variants To create different variants of the same feature, but avoid code duplications within plugins, you have multiple options:
  • Define a needs clause in a contract and reuse another plugin as it is.
  • Have common code together in a helper library (or core library), see the CMake function add_plugin_helper for creating such a library.
  • Have configuration for plugins (See elektraPluginGetConfig() and dynamically switch with if according to the configuration.
  • Or use compilation variants to compile the plugin code multiple times with different COMPILE_DEFINITIONS (that are Macro definitions).

The compilation variants are the hardest to use, so you should reconsider if another technique is more appropriate.

The advantage of compilation variants are:

  • No runtime overhead
  • Can be used during Bootstrapping (when no configuration is available)

To use compilation variants, add your plugin in the CMake Cache Variable PLUGINS multiple times. There has to be the base variant, called in the same name as the directory. Then there can be an arbitrary number of variants that additional have a name appended with underscore, e.g.:

    myplugin;myplugin_varianta;myplugin_variantb

In the CMakeLists.txt of your plugin, you need a loop over all PLUGINS and create a plugin per compilation variant:

    foreach (plugin ${PLUGINS})
            if(${plugin} MATCHES "myplugin_.*")
                    # somehow process the variant names and include
                    # or change sources and compile definitions
                    # based on that.
                    add_plugin(${plugin}
                    SOURCES      <your sources here..>
                    COMPILE_DEFINITIONS   <definitions here..>

Now every public function of the plugin conflicts with itself. To avoid that, you can use:

  • static functions, but they are only visible within one file
  • use helper libraries using add_plugin_helper to share code between compilation variants
  • Get a unique name for every variant using the macro ELEKTRA_PLUGIN_FUNCTION(myplugin, open) where myplugin is the name of the plugin and the second argument is how the function should be called.
  • Including a readme for every variant (with #ifdef for different text) using the macro #include ELEKTRA_README(myplugin)

As a summary, you can have many plugins build out of the same source. Using pluginname_variantnames many plugins will be compiled, each with other SOURCES or COMPILE_DEFINITIONS. If you, e.g. just set the variants name as macro you can use

    #ifdef varianta
    #endif

within the code and can have two plugins: one (called myplugin_varianta) compiled included the #ifdef the other (base variant called myplugin) without.

Currently compilation variants is used in the resolver plugin.

Sun May 29 2016 Version 0.8.14