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realSYeigen(3) LAPACK realSYeigen(3)

NAME

realSYeigen

SYNOPSIS

Functions


subroutine ssyev (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
SSYEV computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyev_2stage (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
SSYEV_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevd (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
SSYEVD computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevd_2stage (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
SSYEVD_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevr (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, ISUPPZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
SSYEVR computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevr_2stage (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, ISUPPZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
SSYEVR_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevx (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)
SSYEVX computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssyevx_2stage (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)
SSYEVX_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices subroutine ssygv (ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
SSYGV subroutine ssygv_2stage (ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
SSYGV_2STAGE subroutine ssygvd (ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, W, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
SSYGVD subroutine ssygvx (ITYPE, JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)
SSYGVX

Detailed Description

This is the group of real eigenvalue driver functions for SY matrices

Function Documentation

subroutine ssyev (character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEV computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEV computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
 real symmetric matrix A.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L')
          or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,3*N-1).
          For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+2)*N,
          where NB is the blocksize for SSYTRD returned by ILAENV.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, the algorithm failed to converge; i
                off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal
                form did not converge to zero.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

December 2016

subroutine ssyev_2stage (character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEV_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEV_2STAGE computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
 real symmetric matrix A using the 2stage technique for
 the reduction to tridiagonal.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
                  Not available in this release.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L')
          or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension LWORK
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1, when N <= 1;
          otherwise  
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried.
                                   LWORK = MAX(1, dimension) where
                                   dimension = max(stage1,stage2) + (KD+1)*N + 2*N
                                             = N*KD + N*max(KD+1,FACTOPTNB) 
                                               + max(2*KD*KD, KD*NTHREADS) 
                                               + (KD+1)*N + 2*N
                                   where KD is the blocking size of the reduction,
                                   FACTOPTNB is the blocking used by the QR or LQ
                                   algorithm, usually FACTOPTNB=128 is a good choice
                                   NTHREADS is the number of threads used when
                                   openMP compilation is enabled, otherwise =1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried. Not yet available
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, the algorithm failed to converge; i
                off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal
                form did not converge to zero.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

November 2017

Further Details:

  All details about the 2stage techniques are available in:
  Azzam Haidar, Hatem Ltaief, and Jack Dongarra.
  Parallel reduction to condensed forms for symmetric eigenvalue problems
  using aggregated fine-grained and memory-aware kernels. In Proceedings
  of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing,
  Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '11), New York, NY, USA,
  Article 8 , 11 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063394
  A. Haidar, J. Kurzak, P. Luszczek, 2013.
  An improved parallel singular value algorithm and its implementation 
  for multicore hardware, In Proceedings of 2013 International Conference
  for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '13).
  Denver, Colorado, USA, 2013.
  Article 90, 12 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503292
  A. Haidar, R. Solca, S. Tomov, T. Schulthess and J. Dongarra.
  A novel hybrid CPU-GPU generalized eigensolver for electronic structure 
  calculations based on fine-grained memory aware tasks.
  International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications.
  Volume 28 Issue 2, Pages 196-209, May 2014.
  http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/28/2/196 

subroutine ssyevd (character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEVD computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVD computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
 real symmetric matrix A. If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a
 divide and conquer algorithm.
 The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
 floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard
 digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard
 digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or
 Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines
 without guard digits, but we know of none.
 Because of large use of BLAS of level 3, SSYEVD needs N**2 more
 workspace than SSYEVX.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L')
          or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array,
                                         dimension (LWORK)
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.
          If N <= 1,               LWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least 2*N+1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least
                                                1 + 6*N + 2*N**2.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK
          arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK
          and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or
          LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

LIWORK

          LIWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array IWORK.
          If N <= 1,                LIWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'N' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N.
          If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and
          IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of
          the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to
          LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'N', then the algorithm failed
                to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate
                tridiagonal form did not converge to zero;
                if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'V', then the algorithm failed
                to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix
                lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through
                mod(INFO,N+1).

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

December 2016

Contributors:

Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA Modified by Francoise Tisseur, University of Tennessee Modified description of INFO. Sven, 16 Feb 05.

subroutine ssyevd_2stage (character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEVD_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVD_2STAGE computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
 real symmetric matrix A using the 2stage technique for
 the reduction to tridiagonal. If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a
 divide and conquer algorithm.
 The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
 floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard
 digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard
 digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or
 Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines
 without guard digits, but we know of none.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
                  Not available in this release.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L')
          or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array,
                                         dimension (LWORK)
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.
          If N <= 1,               LWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried.
                                   LWORK = MAX(1, dimension) where
                                   dimension = max(stage1,stage2) + (KD+1)*N + 2*N+1
                                             = N*KD + N*max(KD+1,FACTOPTNB) 
                                               + max(2*KD*KD, KD*NTHREADS) 
                                               + (KD+1)*N + 2*N+1
                                   where KD is the blocking size of the reduction,
                                   FACTOPTNB is the blocking used by the QR or LQ
                                   algorithm, usually FACTOPTNB=128 is a good choice
                                   NTHREADS is the number of threads used when
                                   openMP compilation is enabled, otherwise =1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least
                                                1 + 6*N + 2*N**2.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK
          arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK
          and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or
          LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

LIWORK

          LIWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array IWORK.
          If N <= 1,                LIWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'N' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N.
          If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and
          IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of
          the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to
          LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'N', then the algorithm failed
                to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate
                tridiagonal form did not converge to zero;
                if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'V', then the algorithm failed
                to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix
                lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through
                mod(INFO,N+1).

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

November 2017

Contributors:

Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA Modified by Francoise Tisseur, University of Tennessee Modified description of INFO. Sven, 16 Feb 05.

Further Details:

  All details about the 2stage techniques are available in:
  Azzam Haidar, Hatem Ltaief, and Jack Dongarra.
  Parallel reduction to condensed forms for symmetric eigenvalue problems
  using aggregated fine-grained and memory-aware kernels. In Proceedings
  of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing,
  Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '11), New York, NY, USA,
  Article 8 , 11 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063394
  A. Haidar, J. Kurzak, P. Luszczek, 2013.
  An improved parallel singular value algorithm and its implementation 
  for multicore hardware, In Proceedings of 2013 International Conference
  for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '13).
  Denver, Colorado, USA, 2013.
  Article 90, 12 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503292
  A. Haidar, R. Solca, S. Tomov, T. Schulthess and J. Dongarra.
  A novel hybrid CPU-GPU generalized eigensolver for electronic structure 
  calculations based on fine-grained memory aware tasks.
  International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications.
  Volume 28 Issue 2, Pages 196-209, May 2014.
  http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/28/2/196 

subroutine ssyevr (character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real VL, real VU, integer IL, integer IU, real ABSTOL, integer M, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, integer, dimension( * ) ISUPPZ, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEVR computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVR computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
 of a real symmetric matrix A.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
 selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of
 indices for the desired eigenvalues.
 SSYEVR first reduces the matrix A to tridiagonal form T with a call
 to SSYTRD.  Then, whenever possible, SSYEVR calls SSTEMR to compute
 the eigenspectrum using Relatively Robust Representations.  SSTEMR
 computes eigenvalues by the dqds algorithm, while orthogonal
 eigenvectors are computed from various "good" L D L^T representations
 (also known as Relatively Robust Representations). Gram-Schmidt
 orthogonalization is avoided as far as possible. More specifically,
 the various steps of the algorithm are as follows.
 For each unreduced block (submatrix) of T,
    (a) Compute T - sigma I  = L D L^T, so that L and D
        define all the wanted eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.
        This means that small relative changes in the entries of D and L
        cause only small relative changes in the eigenvalues and
        eigenvectors. The standard (unfactored) representation of the
        tridiagonal matrix T does not have this property in general.
    (b) Compute the eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
        If the eigenvectors are desired, the algorithm attains full
        accuracy of the computed eigenvalues only right before
        the corresponding vectors have to be computed, see steps c) and d).
    (c) For each cluster of close eigenvalues, select a new
        shift close to the cluster, find a new factorization, and refine
        the shifted eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
    (d) For each eigenvalue with a large enough relative separation compute
        the corresponding eigenvector by forming a rank revealing twisted
        factorization. Go back to (c) for any clusters that remain.
 The desired accuracy of the output can be specified by the input
 parameter ABSTOL.
 For more details, see SSTEMR's documentation and:
 - Inderjit S. Dhillon and Beresford N. Parlett: "Multiple representations
   to compute orthogonal eigenvectors of symmetric tridiagonal matrices,"
   Linear Algebra and its Applications, 387(1), pp. 1-28, August 2004.
 - Inderjit Dhillon and Beresford Parlett: "Orthogonal Eigenvectors and
   Relative Gaps," SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, Vol. 25,
   2004.  Also LAPACK Working Note 154.
 - Inderjit Dhillon: "A new O(n^2) algorithm for the symmetric
   tridiagonal eigenvalue/eigenvector problem",
   Computer Science Division Technical Report No. UCB/CSD-97-971,
   UC Berkeley, May 1997.
 Note 1 : SSYEVR calls SSTEMR when the full spectrum is requested
 on machines which conform to the ieee-754 floating point standard.
 SSYEVR calls SSTEBZ and SSTEIN on non-ieee machines and
 when partial spectrum requests are made.
 Normal execution of SSTEMR may create NaNs and infinities and
 hence may abort due to a floating point exception in environments
 which do not handle NaNs and infinities in the ieee standard default
 manner.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

RANGE

          RANGE is CHARACTER*1
          = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
          = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
                 will be found.
          = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.
          For RANGE = 'V' or 'I' and IU - IL < N - 1, SSTEBZ and
          SSTEIN are called

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper
          triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is
          destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

VL

          VL is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the lower bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

VU

          VU is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the upper bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

IL

          IL is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          smallest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

IU

          IU is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          largest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

ABSTOL

          ABSTOL is REAL
          The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
          An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
          when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
          of width less than or equal to
                  ABSTOL + EPS *   max( |a|,|b| ) ,
          where EPS is the machine precision.  If ABSTOL is less than
          or equal to zero, then  EPS*|T|  will be used in its place,
          where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
          by reducing A to tridiagonal form.
          See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices
          with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and
          Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3.
          If high relative accuracy is important, set ABSTOL to
          SLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ).  Doing so will guarantee that
          eigenvalues are computed to high relative accuracy when
          possible in future releases.  The current code does not
          make any guarantees about high relative accuracy, but
          future releases will. See J. Barlow and J. Demmel,
          "Computing Accurate Eigensystems of Scaled Diagonally
          Dominant Matrices", LAPACK Working Note #7, for a discussion
          of which matrices define their eigenvalues to high relative
          accuracy.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The total number of eigenvalues found.  0 <= M <= N.
          If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in
          ascending order.

Z

          Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
          contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
          corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
          column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
          If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
          Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
          supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
          is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.
          Supplying N columns is always safe.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1, and if
          JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).

ISUPPZ

          ISUPPZ is INTEGER array, dimension ( 2*max(1,M) )
          The support of the eigenvectors in Z, i.e., the indices
          indicating the nonzero elements in Z. The i-th eigenvector
          is nonzero only in elements ISUPPZ( 2*i-1 ) through
          ISUPPZ( 2*i ). This is an output of SSTEMR (tridiagonal
          matrix). The support of the eigenvectors of A is typically
          1:N because of the orthogonal transformations applied by SORMTR.
          Implemented only for RANGE = 'A' or 'I' and IU - IL = N - 1

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,26*N).
          For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+6)*N,
          where NB is the max of the blocksize for SSYTRD and SORMTR
          returned by ILAENV.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK
          arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK
          and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or
          LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LIWORK

          LIWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array IWORK.  LIWORK >= max(1,10*N).
          If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and
          IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of
          the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to
          LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  Internal error

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

June 2016

Contributors:

Inderjit Dhillon, IBM Almaden, USA Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA Ken Stanley, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA Jason Riedy, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

subroutine ssyevr_2stage (character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real VL, real VU, integer IL, integer IU, real ABSTOL, integer M, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, integer, dimension( * ) ISUPPZ, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO)

SSYEVR_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVR_2STAGE computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
 of a real symmetric matrix A using the 2stage technique for
 the reduction to tridiagonal.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
 selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of
 indices for the desired eigenvalues.
 SSYEVR_2STAGE first reduces the matrix A to tridiagonal form T with a call
 to SSYTRD.  Then, whenever possible, SSYEVR_2STAGE calls SSTEMR to compute
 the eigenspectrum using Relatively Robust Representations.  SSTEMR
 computes eigenvalues by the dqds algorithm, while orthogonal
 eigenvectors are computed from various "good" L D L^T representations
 (also known as Relatively Robust Representations). Gram-Schmidt
 orthogonalization is avoided as far as possible. More specifically,
 the various steps of the algorithm are as follows.
 For each unreduced block (submatrix) of T,
    (a) Compute T - sigma I  = L D L^T, so that L and D
        define all the wanted eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.
        This means that small relative changes in the entries of D and L
        cause only small relative changes in the eigenvalues and
        eigenvectors. The standard (unfactored) representation of the
        tridiagonal matrix T does not have this property in general.
    (b) Compute the eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
        If the eigenvectors are desired, the algorithm attains full
        accuracy of the computed eigenvalues only right before
        the corresponding vectors have to be computed, see steps c) and d).
    (c) For each cluster of close eigenvalues, select a new
        shift close to the cluster, find a new factorization, and refine
        the shifted eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
    (d) For each eigenvalue with a large enough relative separation compute
        the corresponding eigenvector by forming a rank revealing twisted
        factorization. Go back to (c) for any clusters that remain.
 The desired accuracy of the output can be specified by the input
 parameter ABSTOL.
 For more details, see SSTEMR's documentation and:
 - Inderjit S. Dhillon and Beresford N. Parlett: "Multiple representations
   to compute orthogonal eigenvectors of symmetric tridiagonal matrices,"
   Linear Algebra and its Applications, 387(1), pp. 1-28, August 2004.
 - Inderjit Dhillon and Beresford Parlett: "Orthogonal Eigenvectors and
   Relative Gaps," SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, Vol. 25,
   2004.  Also LAPACK Working Note 154.
 - Inderjit Dhillon: "A new O(n^2) algorithm for the symmetric
   tridiagonal eigenvalue/eigenvector problem",
   Computer Science Division Technical Report No. UCB/CSD-97-971,
   UC Berkeley, May 1997.
 Note 1 : SSYEVR_2STAGE calls SSTEMR when the full spectrum is requested
 on machines which conform to the ieee-754 floating point standard.
 SSYEVR_2STAGE calls SSTEBZ and SSTEIN on non-ieee machines and
 when partial spectrum requests are made.
 Normal execution of SSTEMR may create NaNs and infinities and
 hence may abort due to a floating point exception in environments
 which do not handle NaNs and infinities in the ieee standard default
 manner.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
                  Not available in this release.

RANGE

          RANGE is CHARACTER*1
          = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
          = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
                 will be found.
          = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.
          For RANGE = 'V' or 'I' and IU - IL < N - 1, SSTEBZ and
          SSTEIN are called

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper
          triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is
          destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

VL

          VL is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the lower bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

VU

          VU is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the upper bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

IL

          IL is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          smallest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

IU

          IU is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          largest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

ABSTOL

          ABSTOL is REAL
          The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
          An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
          when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
          of width less than or equal to
                  ABSTOL + EPS *   max( |a|,|b| ) ,
          where EPS is the machine precision.  If ABSTOL is less than
          or equal to zero, then  EPS*|T|  will be used in its place,
          where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
          by reducing A to tridiagonal form.
          See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices
          with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and
          Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3.
          If high relative accuracy is important, set ABSTOL to
          SLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ).  Doing so will guarantee that
          eigenvalues are computed to high relative accuracy when
          possible in future releases.  The current code does not
          make any guarantees about high relative accuracy, but
          future releases will. See J. Barlow and J. Demmel,
          "Computing Accurate Eigensystems of Scaled Diagonally
          Dominant Matrices", LAPACK Working Note #7, for a discussion
          of which matrices define their eigenvalues to high relative
          accuracy.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The total number of eigenvalues found.  0 <= M <= N.
          If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in
          ascending order.

Z

          Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
          contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
          corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
          column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
          If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
          Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
          supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
          is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.
          Supplying N columns is always safe.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1, and if
          JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).

ISUPPZ

          ISUPPZ is INTEGER array, dimension ( 2*max(1,M) )
          The support of the eigenvectors in Z, i.e., the indices
          indicating the nonzero elements in Z. The i-th eigenvector
          is nonzero only in elements ISUPPZ( 2*i-1 ) through
          ISUPPZ( 2*i ). This is an output of SSTEMR (tridiagonal
          matrix). The support of the eigenvectors of A is typically 
          1:N because of the orthogonal transformations applied by SORMTR.
          Implemented only for RANGE = 'A' or 'I' and IU - IL = N - 1

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.  
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried.
                                   LWORK = MAX(1, 26*N, dimension) where
                                   dimension = max(stage1,stage2) + (KD+1)*N + 5*N
                                             = N*KD + N*max(KD+1,FACTOPTNB) 
                                               + max(2*KD*KD, KD*NTHREADS) 
                                               + (KD+1)*N + 5*N
                                   where KD is the blocking size of the reduction,
                                   FACTOPTNB is the blocking used by the QR or LQ
                                   algorithm, usually FACTOPTNB=128 is a good choice
                                   NTHREADS is the number of threads used when
                                   openMP compilation is enabled, otherwise =1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried. Not yet available
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LIWORK

          LIWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array IWORK.  LIWORK >= max(1,10*N).
          If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of the IWORK array,
          returns this value as the first entry of the IWORK array, and
          no error message related to LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  Internal error

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

June 2016

Contributors:

Inderjit Dhillon, IBM Almaden, USA 
Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA 
Ken Stanley, Computer Science Division, University of
  California at Berkeley, USA 
Jason Riedy, Computer Science Division, University of
  California at Berkeley, USA 

Further Details:

  All details about the 2stage techniques are available in:
  Azzam Haidar, Hatem Ltaief, and Jack Dongarra.
  Parallel reduction to condensed forms for symmetric eigenvalue problems
  using aggregated fine-grained and memory-aware kernels. In Proceedings
  of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing,
  Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '11), New York, NY, USA,
  Article 8 , 11 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063394
  A. Haidar, J. Kurzak, P. Luszczek, 2013.
  An improved parallel singular value algorithm and its implementation 
  for multicore hardware, In Proceedings of 2013 International Conference
  for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '13).
  Denver, Colorado, USA, 2013.
  Article 90, 12 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503292
  A. Haidar, R. Solca, S. Tomov, T. Schulthess and J. Dongarra.
  A novel hybrid CPU-GPU generalized eigensolver for electronic structure 
  calculations based on fine-grained memory aware tasks.
  International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications.
  Volume 28 Issue 2, Pages 196-209, May 2014.
  http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/28/2/196 

subroutine ssyevx (character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real VL, real VU, integer IL, integer IU, real ABSTOL, integer M, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IFAIL, integer INFO)

SSYEVX computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVX computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
 of a real symmetric matrix A.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
 selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices
 for the desired eigenvalues.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

RANGE

          RANGE is CHARACTER*1
          = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
          = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
                 will be found.
          = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper
          triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is
          destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

VL

          VL is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the lower bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

VU

          VU is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the upper bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

IL

          IL is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          smallest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

IU

          IU is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          largest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

ABSTOL

          ABSTOL is REAL
          The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
          An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
          when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
          of width less than or equal to
                  ABSTOL + EPS *   max( |a|,|b| ) ,
          where EPS is the machine precision.  If ABSTOL is less than
          or equal to zero, then  EPS*|T|  will be used in its place,
          where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
          by reducing A to tridiagonal form.
          Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is
          set to twice the underflow threshold 2*SLAMCH('S'), not zero.
          If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some
          eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to
          2*SLAMCH('S').
          See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices
          with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and
          Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The total number of eigenvalues found.  0 <= M <= N.
          If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected
          eigenvalues in ascending order.

Z

          Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
          contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
          corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
          column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
          If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z
          contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the
          index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
          Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
          supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
          is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1, and if
          JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK.  LWORK >= 1, when N <= 1;
          otherwise 8*N.
          For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+3)*N,
          where NB is the max of the blocksize for SSYTRD and SORMTR
          returned by ILAENV.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)

IFAIL

          IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of
          IFAIL are zero.  If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the
          indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, then i eigenvectors failed to converge.
                Their indices are stored in array IFAIL.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

June 2016

subroutine ssyevx_2stage (character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real VL, real VU, integer IL, integer IU, real ABSTOL, integer M, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IFAIL, integer INFO)

SSYEVX_2STAGE computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Purpose:

 SSYEVX_2STAGE computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
 of a real symmetric matrix A using the 2stage technique for
 the reduction to tridiagonal.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
 selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices
 for the desired eigenvalues.

Parameters

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
                  Not available in this release.

RANGE

          RANGE is CHARACTER*1
          = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
          = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
                 will be found.
          = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper
          triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is
          destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

VL

          VL is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the lower bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

VU

          VU is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the upper bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

IL

          IL is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          smallest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

IU

          IU is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          largest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

ABSTOL

          ABSTOL is REAL
          The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
          An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
          when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
          of width less than or equal to
                  ABSTOL + EPS *   max( |a|,|b| ) ,
          where EPS is the machine precision.  If ABSTOL is less than
          or equal to zero, then  EPS*|T|  will be used in its place,
          where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
          by reducing A to tridiagonal form.
          Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is
          set to twice the underflow threshold 2*SLAMCH('S'), not zero.
          If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some
          eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to
          2*SLAMCH('S').
          See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices
          with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and
          Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The total number of eigenvalues found.  0 <= M <= N.
          If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected
          eigenvalues in ascending order.

Z

          Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
          contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
          corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
          column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
          If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z
          contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the
          index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
          Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
          supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
          is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1, and if
          JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1, when N <= 1;
          otherwise  
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried.
                                   LWORK = MAX(1, 8*N, dimension) where
                                   dimension = max(stage1,stage2) + (KD+1)*N + 3*N
                                             = N*KD + N*max(KD+1,FACTOPTNB) 
                                               + max(2*KD*KD, KD*NTHREADS) 
                                               + (KD+1)*N + 3*N
                                   where KD is the blocking size of the reduction,
                                   FACTOPTNB is the blocking used by the QR or LQ
                                   algorithm, usually FACTOPTNB=128 is a good choice
                                   NTHREADS is the number of threads used when
                                   openMP compilation is enabled, otherwise =1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried. Not yet available
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)

IFAIL

          IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of
          IFAIL are zero.  If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the
          indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, then i eigenvectors failed to converge.
                Their indices are stored in array IFAIL.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

June 2016

Further Details:

  All details about the 2stage techniques are available in:
  Azzam Haidar, Hatem Ltaief, and Jack Dongarra.
  Parallel reduction to condensed forms for symmetric eigenvalue problems
  using aggregated fine-grained and memory-aware kernels. In Proceedings
  of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing,
  Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '11), New York, NY, USA,
  Article 8 , 11 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063394
  A. Haidar, J. Kurzak, P. Luszczek, 2013.
  An improved parallel singular value algorithm and its implementation 
  for multicore hardware, In Proceedings of 2013 International Conference
  for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '13).
  Denver, Colorado, USA, 2013.
  Article 90, 12 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503292
  A. Haidar, R. Solca, S. Tomov, T. Schulthess and J. Dongarra.
  A novel hybrid CPU-GPU generalized eigensolver for electronic structure 
  calculations based on fine-grained memory aware tasks.
  International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications.
  Volume 28 Issue 2, Pages 196-209, May 2014.
  http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/28/2/196 

subroutine ssygv (integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

SSYGV

Purpose:

 SSYGV computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally, the eigenvectors
 of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
 A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.
 Here A and B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also
 positive definite.

Parameters

ITYPE

          ITYPE is INTEGER
          Specifies the problem type to be solved:
          = 1:  A*x = (lambda)*B*x
          = 2:  A*B*x = (lambda)*x
          = 3:  B*A*x = (lambda)*x

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangles of A and B are stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangles of A and B are stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices A and B.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          matrix Z of eigenvectors.  The eigenvectors are normalized
          as follows:
          if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I;
          if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the upper triangle (if UPLO='U')
          or the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

B

          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB, N)
          On entry, the symmetric positive definite matrix B.
          If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B
          contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B.
          If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B
          contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B.
          On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is
          overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
          factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,3*N-1).
          For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+2)*N,
          where NB is the blocksize for SSYTRD returned by ILAENV.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  SPOTRF or SSYEV returned an error code:
             <= N:  if INFO = i, SSYEV failed to converge;
                    i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate
                    tridiagonal form did not converge to zero;
             > N:   if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading
                    minor of order i of B is not positive definite.
                    The factorization of B could not be completed and
                    no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

December 2016

subroutine ssygv_2stage (integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

SSYGV_2STAGE

Purpose:

 SSYGV_2STAGE computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally, the eigenvectors
 of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
 A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.
 Here A and B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also
 positive definite.
 This routine use the 2stage technique for the reduction to tridiagonal
 which showed higher performance on recent architecture and for large
 sizes N>2000.

Parameters

ITYPE

          ITYPE is INTEGER
          Specifies the problem type to be solved:
          = 1:  A*x = (lambda)*B*x
          = 2:  A*B*x = (lambda)*x
          = 3:  B*A*x = (lambda)*x

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
                  Not available in this release.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangles of A and B are stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangles of A and B are stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices A and B.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          matrix Z of eigenvectors.  The eigenvectors are normalized
          as follows:
          if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I;
          if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the upper triangle (if UPLO='U')
          or the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

B

          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB, N)
          On entry, the symmetric positive definite matrix B.
          If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B
          contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B.
          If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B
          contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B.
          On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is
          overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
          factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1, when N <= 1;
          otherwise  
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried.
                                   LWORK = MAX(1, dimension) where
                                   dimension = max(stage1,stage2) + (KD+1)*N + 2*N
                                             = N*KD + N*max(KD+1,FACTOPTNB) 
                                               + max(2*KD*KD, KD*NTHREADS) 
                                               + (KD+1)*N + 2*N
                                   where KD is the blocking size of the reduction,
                                   FACTOPTNB is the blocking used by the QR or LQ
                                   algorithm, usually FACTOPTNB=128 is a good choice
                                   NTHREADS is the number of threads used when
                                   openMP compilation is enabled, otherwise =1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be queried. Not yet available
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  SPOTRF or SSYEV returned an error code:
             <= N:  if INFO = i, SSYEV failed to converge;
                    i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate
                    tridiagonal form did not converge to zero;
             > N:   if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading
                    minor of order i of B is not positive definite.
                    The factorization of B could not be completed and
                    no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

November 2017

Further Details:

  All details about the 2stage techniques are available in:
  Azzam Haidar, Hatem Ltaief, and Jack Dongarra.
  Parallel reduction to condensed forms for symmetric eigenvalue problems
  using aggregated fine-grained and memory-aware kernels. In Proceedings
  of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing,
  Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '11), New York, NY, USA,
  Article 8 , 11 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063394
  A. Haidar, J. Kurzak, P. Luszczek, 2013.
  An improved parallel singular value algorithm and its implementation 
  for multicore hardware, In Proceedings of 2013 International Conference
  for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '13).
  Denver, Colorado, USA, 2013.
  Article 90, 12 pages.
  http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503292
  A. Haidar, R. Solca, S. Tomov, T. Schulthess and J. Dongarra.
  A novel hybrid CPU-GPU generalized eigensolver for electronic structure 
  calculations based on fine-grained memory aware tasks.
  International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications.
  Volume 28 Issue 2, Pages 196-209, May 2014.
  http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/28/2/196 

subroutine ssygvd (integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO)

SSYGVD

Purpose:

 SSYGVD computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally, the eigenvectors
 of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
 A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.  Here A and
 B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also positive definite.
 If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a divide and conquer algorithm.
 The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
 floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard
 digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard
 digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or
 Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines
 without guard digits, but we know of none.

Parameters

ITYPE

          ITYPE is INTEGER
          Specifies the problem type to be solved:
          = 1:  A*x = (lambda)*B*x
          = 2:  A*B*x = (lambda)*x
          = 3:  B*A*x = (lambda)*x

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangles of A and B are stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangles of A and B are stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices A and B.  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the
          matrix Z of eigenvectors.  The eigenvectors are normalized
          as follows:
          if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I;
          if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the upper triangle (if UPLO='U')
          or the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') of A, including the
          diagonal, is destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

B

          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix B.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix B.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix B.
          On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is
          overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
          factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.
          If N <= 1,               LWORK >= 1.
          If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK >= 2*N+1.
          If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK >= 1 + 6*N + 2*N**2.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK
          arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK
          and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or
          LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

LIWORK

          LIWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array IWORK.
          If N <= 1,                LIWORK >= 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'N' and N > 1, LIWORK >= 1.
          If JOBZ  = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK >= 3 + 5*N.
          If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and
          IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of
          the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to
          LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  SPOTRF or SSYEVD returned an error code:
             <= N:  if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'N', then the algorithm
                    failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an
                    intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to
                    zero;
                    if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'V', then the algorithm
                    failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on
                    the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1)
                    through mod(INFO,N+1);
             > N:   if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading
                    minor of order i of B is not positive definite.
                    The factorization of B could not be completed and
                    no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

December 2016

Further Details:

  Modified so that no backsubstitution is performed if SSYEVD fails to
  converge (NEIG in old code could be greater than N causing out of
  bounds reference to A - reported by Ralf Meyer).  Also corrected the
  description of INFO and the test on ITYPE. Sven, 16 Feb 05.

Contributors:

Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA

subroutine ssygvx (integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, real, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real VL, real VU, integer IL, integer IU, real ABSTOL, integer M, real, dimension( * ) W, real, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IFAIL, integer INFO)

SSYGVX

Purpose:

 SSYGVX computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors
 of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
 A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.  Here A
 and B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also positive definite.
 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a
 range of values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues.

Parameters

ITYPE

          ITYPE is INTEGER
          Specifies the problem type to be solved:
          = 1:  A*x = (lambda)*B*x
          = 2:  A*B*x = (lambda)*x
          = 3:  B*A*x = (lambda)*x

JOBZ

          JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N':  Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'V':  Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

RANGE

          RANGE is CHARACTER*1
          = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
          = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
                 will be found.
          = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A and B are stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A and B are stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix pencil (A,B).  N >= 0.

A

          A is REAL array, dimension (LDA, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix A.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix A.
          On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper
          triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is
          destroyed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

B

          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB, N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix B.  If UPLO = 'U', the
          leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the
          upper triangular part of the matrix B.  If UPLO = 'L',
          the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains
          the lower triangular part of the matrix B.
          On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is
          overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
          factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

VL

          VL is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the lower bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

VU

          VU is REAL
          If RANGE='V', the upper bound of the interval to
          be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

IL

          IL is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          smallest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

IU

          IU is INTEGER
          If RANGE='I', the index of the
          largest eigenvalue to be returned.
          1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
          Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

ABSTOL

          ABSTOL is REAL
          The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
          An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
          when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
          of width less than or equal to
                  ABSTOL + EPS *   max( |a|,|b| ) ,
          where EPS is the machine precision.  If ABSTOL is less than
          or equal to zero, then  EPS*|T|  will be used in its place,
          where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
          by reducing C to tridiagonal form, where C is the symmetric
          matrix of the standard symmetric problem to which the
          generalized problem is transformed.
          Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is
          set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero.
          If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some
          eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to
          2*SLAMCH('S').

M

          M is INTEGER
          The total number of eigenvalues found.  0 <= M <= N.
          If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.

W

          W is REAL array, dimension (N)
          On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected
          eigenvalues in ascending order.

Z

          Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
          If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
          contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
          corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
          column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
          The eigenvectors are normalized as follows:
          if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I;
          if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I.
          If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z
          contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the
          index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL.
          Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
          supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
          is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1, and if
          JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,8*N).
          For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+3)*N,
          where NB is the blocksize for SSYTRD returned by ILAENV.
          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)

IFAIL

          IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of
          IFAIL are zero.  If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the
          indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge.
          If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  SPOTRF or SSYEVX returned an error code:
             <= N:  if INFO = i, SSYEVX failed to converge;
                    i eigenvectors failed to converge.  Their indices
                    are stored in array IFAIL.
             > N:   if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading
                    minor of order i of B is not positive definite.
                    The factorization of B could not be completed and
                    no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.

Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date

June 2016

Contributors:

Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA

Author

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