|transfer::transmitter(3tcl)||Data transfer facilities||transfer::transmitter(3tcl)|
transfer::transmitter - Data source
package require Tcl 8.4
package require snit ?1.0?
package require transfer::copy ?0.2?
package require transfer::data::source ?0.2?
package require transfer::connect ?0.2?
package require transfer::transmitter ?0.2?
transfer::transmitter objectName ?options...?
transfer::transmitter stream channel chan host port ?arg...?
transfer::transmitter stream file path host port ?arg...?
objectName method ?arg arg ...?
This package pulls data sources and connection setup together into a combined object for the transmission of information over a socket. These objects understand all the options from objects created by the packages transfer::data::source and transfer::connect.
- transfer::transmitter objectName ?options...?
- This command creates a new transmitter object with an associated Tcl
command whose name is objectName. This object command is
explained in full detail in the sections Object command and
Object methods. The set of supported options is explained in
The object command will be created under the current namespace if the objectName is not fully qualified, and in the specified namespace otherwise. The fully qualified name of the object command is returned as the result of the command.
- transfer::transmitter stream channel chan host port ?arg...?
- This method creates a fire-and-forget transfer for the data contained in
the channel chan, starting at the current seek location. The
channel is configured to use binary translation and encoding for the
transfer. The channel is automatically closed when the transfer has
If both host and port are provided an active connection to the destination is made. If only a port is specified (with host the empty string) then a passive connection is made instead.
Any arguments after the port are treated as options and are used to configure the internal transmitter object. See the section Options for a list of the supported options and their meaning. Note however that the signature of the command prefix specified for the -command callback differs from the signature for the same option of the transmitter object. This callback is only given the number of bytes and transfered, and possibly an error message. No reference to the internally used transmitter object is made.
The result returned by the command is the empty string if it was set to make an active connection, and the port the internal transmitter object is listening on otherwise, i.e when it is configured to connect passively. See also the package transfer::connect and the description of the method connect for where this behaviour comes from.
- transfer::transmitter stream file path host port ?arg...?
- This method is like stream channel, except that the data contained in the file path is transfered.
All objects created by the ::transfer::transmitter command have the following general form:
- objectName method ?arg arg ...?
- The method method and its arg'uments determine the exact behavior of the command. See section Object methods for the detailed specifications.
- objectName destroy
- This method destroys the object. Doing so while a transmission is in progress will cause errors later on, when the transmission completes and tries to access the now missing data structures of the destroyed object.
- objectName start
- This method initiates the data transmission, setting up the connection
first and then copying the information. The method will throw an error if
a transmission is already/still in progress. I.e. it is not possible to
run two transmissions in parallel on a single object, only in sequence.
Multiple transmitter objects are needed to manage parallel transfers, one
per transmission. Errors will also be thrown if the configuration of the
data source is invalid, or if no completion callback was specified.
The result returned by the method is the empty string for an object configured to make an active connection, and the port the object is listening on otherwise, i.e when it is configured to connect passively. See also the package transfer::connect and the description of the method connect for where this behaviour comes from.
- objectName busy
- This method returns a boolean value telling us whether a transmission is in progress (True), or not (False).
All transmitter objects support the union of the options supported by their connect and data source components, plus two of their own. See also the documentation for the packages transfer::data::source and transfer::connect.
- -blocksize int
- This option specifies the size of the chunks to be transmitted in one block. Usage is optional, its default value is 1024.
- -command cmdprefix
- This option specifies the command to invoke when the transmission of the information has been completed. The arguments given to this command are the same as given to the completion callback of the command transfer::copy::do provided by the package transfer::copy.
- -mode mode
- This option specifies the mode the object is in. It is optional and defaults to active mode. The two possible modes are:
- In this mode the two options -host and -port are relevant and specify the host and TCP port the object has to connect to. The host is given by either name or IP address.
- In this mode the option -host has no relevance and is ignored should it be configured. The only option the object needs is -port, and it specifies the TCP port on which the listening socket is opened to await the connection from the partner.
- -host hostname-or-ipaddr
- This option specifies the host to connect to in active mode, either by name or ip-address. An object configured for passive mode ignores this option.
- -port int
- For active mode this option specifies the port the object is expected to connect to. For passive mode however it is the port where the object creates the listening socket waiting for a connection. It defaults to 0, which allows the OS to choose the actual port to listen on.
- -socketcmd command
- This option allows the user to specify which command to use to open a
socket. The default is to use the builtin ::socket. Any compatible
with that command is allowed.
The envisioned main use is the specfication of tls::socket. I.e. this option allows the creation of secure transfer channels, without making this package explicitly dependent on the tls package.
See also section Secure connections.
- -encoding encodingname
- -eofchar eofspec
- -translation transspec
- These options are the same as are recognized by the builtin command fconfigure. They provide the configuration to be set for the channel between the two partners after it has been established, but before the callback is invoked (See method connect).
- -string text
- This option specifies that the source of the data is an immediate string, and its associated argument contains the string in question.
- -channel handle
- This option specifies that the source of the data is a channel, and its associated argument is the handle of the channel containing the data.
- -file path
- This option specifies that the source of the data is a file, and its associated argument is the path of the file containing the data.
- -variable varname
- This option specifies that the source of the data is a string stored in a variable, and its associated argument contains the name of the variable in question. The variable is assumed to be global or namespaced, anchored at the global namespace.
- -size int
- This option specifies the size of the data transfer. It is optional and defaults to -1. This value, and any other value less than zero signals to transfer all the data from the source.
- -progress command
- This option, if specified, defines a command to be invoked for each chunk of bytes transmitted, allowing the user to monitor the progress of the transmission of the data. The callback is always invoked with one additional argument, the number of bytes transmitted so far.
One way to secure connections made by objects of this package is to require the package tls and then configure the option -socketcmd to force the use of command tls::socket to open the socket.
# Load and initialize tls
package require tls
tls::init -cafile /path/to/ca/cert -keyfile ...
# Create a connector with secure socket setup,
transfer::transmitter T -socketcmd tls::socket ...
TLS SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS¶
This package uses the TLS package to handle the security for https urls and other socket connections.
Policy decisions like the set of protocols to support and what ciphers to use are not the responsibility of TLS, nor of this package itself however. Such decisions are the responsibility of whichever application is using the package, and are likely influenced by the set of servers the application will talk to as well.
For example, in light of the recent POODLE attack [http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/this-poodle-bites-exploiting-ssl-30.html] discovered by Google many servers will disable support for the SSLv3 protocol. To handle this change the applications using TLS must be patched, and not this package, nor TLS itself. Such a patch may be as simple as generally activating tls1 support, as shown in the example below.
package require tls
tls::init -tls1 1 ;# forcibly activate support for the TLS1 protocol
... your own application code ...
BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACK¶
This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category transfer of the Tcllib Trackers [http://core.tcl.tk/tcllib/reportlist]. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.
When proposing code changes, please provide unified diffs, i.e the output of diff -u.
Note further that attachments are strongly preferred over inlined patches. Attachments can be made by going to the Edit form of the ticket immediately after its creation, and then using the left-most button in the secondary navigation bar.
channel, copy, data source, secure, ssl, tls, transfer, transmitter
Copyright (c) 2006-2009 Andreas Kupries <email@example.com>