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OPENSSL-PASSWD(1SSL) OpenSSL OPENSSL-PASSWD(1SSL)

NAME

openssl-passwd - compute password hashes

SYNOPSIS

openssl passwd [-help] [-1] [-apr1] [-aixmd5] [-5] [-6] [-salt string] [-in file] [-stdin] [-noverify] [-quiet] [-table] [-reverse] [-rand files] [-writerand file] [-provider name] [-provider-path path] [-propquery propq] [password]

DESCRIPTION

This command computes the hash of a password typed at run-time or the hash of each password in a list. The password list is taken from the named file for option -in, from stdin for option -stdin, or from the command line, or from the terminal otherwise. The MD5-based BSD password algorithm -1, its Apache variant -apr1, and its AIX variant are available.

OPTIONS

-help
Print out a usage message.
-1
Use the MD5 based BSD password algorithm 1 (default).
-apr1
Use the apr1 algorithm (Apache variant of the BSD algorithm).
-aixmd5
Use the AIX MD5 algorithm (AIX variant of the BSD algorithm).
-5
-6
Use the SHA256 / SHA512 based algorithms defined by Ulrich Drepper. See <https://www.akkadia.org/drepper/SHA-crypt.txt>.
-salt string
Use the specified salt. When reading a password from the terminal, this implies -noverify.
-in file
Read passwords from file.
-stdin
Read passwords from stdin.
-noverify
Don't verify when reading a password from the terminal.
-quiet
Don't output warnings when passwords given at the command line are truncated.
-table
In the output list, prepend the cleartext password and a TAB character to each password hash.
-reverse
When the -table option is used, reverse the order of cleartext and hash.
-rand files, -writerand file
See "Random State Options" in openssl(1) for details.
-provider name
-provider-path path
-propquery propq
See "Provider Options" in openssl(1), provider(7), and property(7).

EXAMPLES

  % openssl passwd -1 -salt xxxxxxxx password
  $1$xxxxxxxx$UYCIxa628.9qXjpQCjM4a.

  % openssl passwd -apr1 -salt xxxxxxxx password
  $apr1$xxxxxxxx$dxHfLAsjHkDRmG83UXe8K0

  % openssl passwd -aixmd5 -salt xxxxxxxx password
  xxxxxxxx$8Oaipk/GPKhC64w/YVeFD/

HISTORY

The -crypt option was removed in OpenSSL 3.0.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2000-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

2021-05-06 3.0.0-alpha16