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PROVIDER-DECODER(7SSL) OpenSSL PROVIDER-DECODER(7SSL)

NAME

provider-decoder - The OSSL_DECODER library <-> provider functions

SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/core_dispatch.h>

 /*
  * None of these are actual functions, but are displayed like this for
  * the function signatures for functions that are offered as function
  * pointers in OSSL_DISPATCH arrays.
  */

 /* Decoder parameter accessor and descriptor */
 const OSSL_PARAM *OSSL_FUNC_decoder_gettable_params(void *provctx);
 int OSSL_FUNC_decoder_get_params(OSSL_PARAM params[]);

 /* Functions to construct / destruct / manipulate the decoder context */
 void *OSSL_FUNC_decoder_newctx(void *provctx);
 void OSSL_FUNC_decoder_freectx(void *ctx);
 const OSSL_PARAM *OSSL_FUNC_decoder_settable_ctx_params(void *provctx);
 int OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params(void *ctx, const OSSL_PARAM params[]);

 /* Functions to check selection support */
 int OSSL_FUNC_decoder_does_selection(void *provctx, int selection);

 /* Functions to decode object data */
 int OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode(void *ctx, OSSL_CORE_BIO *in,
                              int selection,
                              OSSL_CALLBACK *data_cb, void *data_cbarg,
                              OSSL_PASSPHRASE_CALLBACK *cb, void *cbarg);

 /* Functions to export a decoded object */
 void *OSSL_FUNC_decoder_export_object(void *ctx,
                                       const void *objref, size_t objref_sz,
                                       OSSL_CALLBACK *export_cb,
                                       void *export_cbarg);

DESCRIPTION

The term "decode" is used throughout this manual. This includes but is not limited to deserialization as individual decoders can also do decoding into intermediate data formats.

The DECODER operation is a generic method to create a provider-native object reference or intermediate decoded data from an encoded form read from the given OSSL_CORE_BIO. If the caller wants to decode data from memory, it should provide a BIO_s_mem(3) BIO. The decoded data or object reference is passed along with eventual metadata to the metadata_cb as OSSL_PARAM parameters.

The decoder doesn't need to know more about the OSSL_CORE_BIO pointer than being able to pass it to the appropriate BIO upcalls (see "Core functions" in provider-base(7)).

The DECODER implementation may be part of a chain, where data is passed from one to the next. For example, there may be an implementation to decode an object from PEM to DER, and another one that decodes DER to a provider-native object.

The last decoding step in the decoding chain is usually supposed to create a provider-native object referenced by an object reference. To import that object into a different provider the OSSL_FUNC_decoder_export_object() can be called as the final step of the decoding process.

All "functions" mentioned here are passed as function pointers between libcrypto and the provider in OSSL_DISPATCH arrays via OSSL_ALGORITHM arrays that are returned by the provider's provider_query_operation() function (see "Provider Functions" in provider-base(7)).

All these "functions" have a corresponding function type definition named OSSL_FUNC_{name}_fn, and a helper function to retrieve the function pointer from an OSSL_DISPATCH element named OSSL_FUNC_{name}. For example, the "function" OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode() has these:

 typedef int
     (OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode_fn)(void *ctx, OSSL_CORE_BIO *in,
                                   int selection,
                                   OSSL_CALLBACK *data_cb, void *data_cbarg,
                                   OSSL_PASSPHRASE_CALLBACK *cb, void *cbarg);
 static ossl_inline OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode_fn
     OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode(const OSSL_DISPATCH *opf);

OSSL_DISPATCH arrays are indexed by numbers that are provided as macros in openssl-core_dispatch.h(7), as follows:

 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_get_params          OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_GET_PARAMS
 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_gettable_params     OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_GETTABLE_PARAMS

 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_newctx              OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_NEWCTX
 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_freectx             OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_FREECTX
 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params      OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_SET_CTX_PARAMS
 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_settable_ctx_params OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_SETTABLE_CTX_PARAMS

 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_does_selection      OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_DOES_SELECTION

 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode              OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_DECODE

 OSSL_FUNC_decoder_export_object       OSSL_FUNC_DECODER_EXPORT_OBJECT

Names and properties

The name of an implementation should match the target type of object it decodes. For example, an implementation that decodes an RSA key should be named "RSA". Likewise, an implementation that decodes DER data from PEM input should be named "DER".

Properties can be used to further specify details about an implementation:

input
This property is used to specify what format of input the implementation can decode. OpenSSL providers recognize the following input types:
pem
An implementation with that input type decodes PEM formatted data.
der
An implementation with that input type decodes DER formatted data.
msblob
An implementation with that input type decodes MSBLOB formatted data.
pvk
An implementation with that input type decodes PVK formatted data.
structure
This property is used to specify the structure that the decoded data is expected to have. An example could be "pkcs8", to specify explicitly that the object to be decoded (presumably an asymmetric key pair, in this case) is wrapped in a PKCS#8 structure.

The possible values of both these properties is open ended. A provider may very well specify input types and structures that libcrypto doesn't know anything about.

Subset selections

Sometimes, an object has more than one subset of data that is interesting to treat separately or together. It's possible to specify what subsets are to be decoded, with a set of bits selection that are passed in an int.

This set of bits depend entirely on what kind of provider-side object is to be decoded. For example, those bits are assumed to be the same as those used with provider-keymgmt(7) (see "Key Objects" in provider-keymgmt(7)) when the object is an asymmetric keypair - e.g., OSSL_KEYMGMT_SELECT_PRIVATE_KEY if the object to be decoded is supposed to contain private key components.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_does_selection() should tell if a particular implementation supports any of the combinations given by selection.

Context functions

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_newctx() returns a context to be used with the rest of the functions.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_freectx() frees the given ctx as created by OSSL_FUNC_decoder_newctx().

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params() sets context data according to parameters from params that it recognises. Unrecognised parameters should be ignored. Passing NULL for params should return true.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_settable_ctx_params() returns a constant OSSL_PARAM array describing the parameters that OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params() can handle.

See OSSL_PARAM(3) for further details on the parameters structure used by OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params() and OSSL_FUNC_decoder_settable_ctx_params().

Export function

When a provider-native object is created by a decoder it would be unsuitable for direct use with a foreign provider. The export function allows for exporting the object into that foreign provider if the foreign provider supports the type of the object and provides an import function.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_export_object() should export the object of size objref_sz referenced by objref as an OSSL_PARAM array and pass that into the export_cb as well as the given export_cbarg.

Decoding functions

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode() should decode the data as read from the OSSL_CORE_BIO in to produce decoded data or an object to be passed as reference in an OSSL_PARAM array along with possible other metadata that was decoded from the input. This OSSL_PARAM array is then passed to the data_cb callback. The selection bits, if relevant, should determine what the input data should contain. The decoding functions also take an OSSL_PASSPHRASE_CALLBACK function pointer along with a pointer to application data cbarg, which should be used when a pass phrase prompt is needed.

It's important to understand that the return value from this function is interpreted as follows:

True (1)
This means "carry on the decoding process", and is meaningful even though this function couldn't decode the input into anything, because there may be another decoder implementation that can decode it into something.

The data_cb callback should never be called when this function can't decode the input into anything.

False (0)
This means "stop the decoding process", and is meaningful when the input could be decoded into some sort of object that this function understands, but further treatment of that object results into errors that won't be possible for some other decoder implementation to get a different result.

The conditions to stop the decoding process are at the discretion of the implementation.

Decoder parameters

The decoder implementation itself has parameters that can be used to determine how it fits in a chain of decoders:
"input-type" (OSSL_DECODER_PARAM_INPUT_TYPE) <UTF8 string>
This is used to specify the input type for a decoder implementation.

This parameter is mandatory.

Input types currently recognized by built-in decoders:

"DER"
ASN.1 DER encoded binary data
"PEM"
Base64 encoded data with PEM headers
"MSBLOB"
Private or public key encoding according to Microsoft specification
"PVK"
Encrypted private key encoding according to Microsoft specification
"input-structure" (OSSL_ENCODER_PARAM_INPUT_STRUCTURE) <UTF8 string>
This is used to specify the outermost input structure for a decoder implementation.

For example, an input of type "DER" for a key pair could be structured using PKCS#8, or a key type specific structure, such as PKCS#1 for RSA keys.

This parameter is optional.

Input structures currently recognized by built-in decoders:

"type-specific"
Type specific structure.
"PKCS8"
Structure according to the PKCS#8 specification.
"SubjectPublicKeyInfo"
Encoding of public keys according to the Subject Public Key Info of RFC 5280.

Decoder operation parameters

There are currently no operation parameters currently recognised by the built-in decoders.

Parameters currently recognised by the built-in pass phrase callback:

"info" (OSSL_PASSPHRASE_PARAM_INFO) <UTF8 string>
A string of information that will become part of the pass phrase prompt. This could be used to give the user information on what kind of object it's being prompted for.

RETURN VALUES

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_newctx() returns a pointer to a context, or NULL on failure.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_set_ctx_params() returns 1, unless a recognised parameter was invalid or caused an error, for which 0 is returned.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_settable_ctx_params() returns a pointer to an array of constant OSSL_PARAM elements.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_does_selection() returns 1 if the decoder implementation supports any of the selection bits, otherwise 0.

OSSL_FUNC_decoder_decode() returns 1 to signal that the decoding process should continue, or 0 to signal that it should stop.

SEE ALSO

provider(7)

HISTORY

The DECODER interface was introduced in OpenSSL 3.0.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2019-2021 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

2021-05-06 3.0.0-alpha16