|CALENDAR(1)||General Commands Manual||CALENDAR(1)|
calendar utility checks the current
directory or the directory specified by the
CALENDAR_DIR environment variable for a file named
calendar and displays lines that begin with either
today's date or tomorrow's. On Fridays, events on Friday through Monday are
The options are as follows:
- Print lines from today and next num days (forward, future). Defaults to one (same as -l).
- Process the “calendar” files of all users and mail the results to them. This requires superuser privileges.
- Print lines from today and previous num days (backward, past).
- Enforce special date calculation mode for Cyrillic calendars.
- Print lines from today and next num days (forward, future). Defaults to one (same as -A).
- Print lines from today and next num days, only if
today is Friday (forward, future). Defaults to two, which causes
calendarto print entries through the weekend on Fridays.
- Use calendarfile as the default calendar file. If this file is not accessible, the system-wide default is used.
- Act like the specified value is “today” instead of using the current date. If yy is specified, but cc is not, a value for yy between 69 and 99 results in a cc value of 19. Otherwise, a cc value of 20 is used.
- Print day of the week name in front of each event.
To handle calendars in your national code table you can specify “LANG=<locale_name>” in the calendar file as early as possible. To handle national Easter names in the calendars, “Easter=<national_name>” (for Catholic Easter) or “Paskha=<national_name>” (for Orthodox Easter) can be used.
A special locale name exists: ‘utf-8’. Specifying “LANG=utf-8” indicates that the dates will be read using the C locale, and the descriptions will be encoded in UTF-8. This is usually used for the distributed calendar files. The “CALENDAR” variable can be used to specify the style. Only ‘Julian’ and ‘Gregorian’ styles are currently supported. Use “CALENDAR=” to return to the default (Gregorian).
To enforce special date calculation mode for Cyrillic calendars you should specify “LANG=<local_name>” and “BODUN=<bodun_prefix>” where <local_name> can be ru_RU.UTF-8, uk_UA.UTF-8 or by_BY.UTF-8.
Note that the locale is reset to the user's default for each new file that is read. This is so that locales from one file do not accidentally carry over into another file.
Other lines should begin with a month and day. They may be entered
in almost any format, either numeric or as character strings. If proper
locale is set, national months and weekdays names can be used. A single
asterisk (‘*’) matches every month. A day without a month
matches that day of every week. A month without a day matches the first of
that month. Two numbers default to the month followed by the day. Lines with
leading tabs default to the last entered date, allowing multiple line
specifications for a single date. “Easter” (may be followed by
a positive or negative integer) is Easter for this year.
“Paskha” (may be followed by a positive or negative integer)
is Orthodox Easter for this year. Weekdays may be followed by
... “+5” (aliases
last, first, second, third, fourth) for moving events like “the last
Monday in April”.
By convention, dates followed by an asterisk (‘*’) are not fixed, i.e., change from year to year.
Day descriptions start after the first <tab> character in the line; if the line does not contain a <tab> character, it isn't printed out. If the first character in the line is a <tab> character, it is treated as the continuation of the previous description.
The calendar file is preprocessed by cpp(1),
allowing the inclusion of shared files such as company holidays or meetings.
If the shared file is not referenced by a full pathname,
cpp(1) searches in the current (or home) directory first,
and then in the directory /etc/calendar, and finally
in /usr/share/calendar. Empty lines and lines
protected by the C commenting syntax (
/* ... */) are
Some possible calendar entries (a \t sequence denotes a <tab> character):
LANG=C Easter=Ostern #include <calendar.usholiday> #include <calendar.birthday> 6/15\tJune 15 (if ambiguous, will default to month/day). Jun. 15\tJune 15. 15 June\tJune 15. Thursday\tEvery Thursday. June\tEvery June 1st. 15 *\t15th of every month. May Sun+2\tsecond Sunday in May (Muttertag) 04/SunLast\tlast Sunday in April, \tsummer time in Europe Easter\tEaster Ostern-2\tGood Friday (2 days before Easter) Paskha\tOrthodox Easter
- File in current directory.
- Directory in the user's home directory (which
calendarchanges into, if it exists).
- File to use if no calendar file exists in the current directory.
calendarwill not send mail if this file exists.
- International and national calendar files.
- Births and deaths of famous (and not-so-famous) people.
- Canadian holidays.
- Christian holidays (should be updated yearly by the local system administrator so that roving holidays are set correctly for the current year).
- Days of special significance to computer people.
- Croatian calendar.
- Discordian calendar (all rites reversed).
- Fantasy and fiction dates (mostly LOTR).
- French calendar.
- German calendar.
- Miscellaneous history.
- Other holidays (including the not-well-known, obscure, and really obscure).
- Jewish holidays (should be updated yearly by the local system administrator so that roving holidays are set correctly for the current year).
- Musical events, births, and deaths (strongly oriented toward rock 'n' roll).
- New Zealand calendar.
- OpenBSD related events.
- Pagan holidays, celebrations and festivals.
- Russian calendar.
- Cosmic history.
- UK calendar.
- U.S. history.
- U.S. holidays.
- World wide calendar.
calendar program previously selected
lines which had the correct date anywhere in the line. This is no longer
true: the date is only recognized when it occurs at the beginning of a
calendar command will only display
lines that use a <tab> character to separate the date and description,
or that begin with a <tab>. This is different than in previous
The Fl t flag argument syntax is from the original FreeBSD
flags are Debian-specific enhancements. Option
used to be called
-w in Debian, but this option is
now used differently by upstream. Also, the original
calendar program did not accept
0 as an argument to the
Using ‘utf-8’ as a locale name is a Debian-specific enhancement.
calendar command appeared in
Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
calendar doesn't handle all Jewish
holidays or moon phases.
|January 29, 2019||Debian|