|GPERL(1)||General Commands Manual||GPERL(1)|
gperl - groff preprocessor for Perl parts in roff files
This is a preprocessor for groff(1). It allows the use of perl(7) code in groff(7) files. The result of a Perl part can be stored in groff strings or numerical registers based on the arguments at a final line of a Perl part.
So far, there are only filespec or breaking options.
filespec are file names or the minus character - character for standard input. As usual, the argument -- can be used in order to let all following arguments mean file names, even if the names begin with a minus character -.
An option is breaking, when the program just writes the information that was asked for and then stops. All other arguments will be ignored by that. These breaking options are here
Perl parts in groff files are enclosed by two .Perl requests with different arguments, a starting and an ending command.
Starting Perl Mode¶
The starting Perl request can either be without arguments, or by a request that has the term start as its only argument.
- .Perl start
Ending Perl Mode without Storage¶
A .Perl command line with an argument different from start finishes a running Perl part. Of course, it would be reasonable to add the argument stop; that's possible, but not necessary.
- .Perl stop
- .Perl other_than_start
Ending Perl Mode with Storage¶
A useful feature of gperl is to store one or more results from the Perl mode.
The output of a Perl part can be got with backticks `...`.
This program collects all printing to STDOUT (normal standard output) by the Perl print program. This pseudo-printing output can have several lines, due to printed line breaks with \n. By that, the output of a Perl run should be stored into a Perl array, with a single line for each array member.
This Perl array output can be stored by gperl in either
The storage modes can be determined by arguments of a final stopping .Perl command. Each argument .ds changes the mode into groff string and .nr changes the mode into groff number register for all following output parts.
By default, all output is saved as strings, so .ds is not really needed before the first .nr command. That suits to groff(7), because every output can be saved as groff string, but the number registers can be very restrictive.
In string mode, gperl generates a groff string storage line
.ds var_name content
.nr var_name content
We present argument collections in the following. You can add as first argument for all stop. We omit this additional element.
- .Perl .ds var_name
- This will store 1 output line into the groff string named var_name by the automatically created command
.ds var_name output
- .Perl var_name
- If var_name is different from start this is equivalent to the former command, because the string mode is string with .ds command. default.
- .Perl var_name1 var_name2
- This will store 2 output lines into groff string names var_name1 and var_name2, because the default mode .ds is active, such that no .ds argument is needed. Of course, this is equivalent to
.Perl .ds var_name1 var_name2
.Perl .ds var_name1 .ds var_name2
- .Perl .nr var_name1 varname2
- stores both variables as number register variables. gperl generates
.nr var_name1 output_line1 .nr var_name2 output_line2
- .Perl .nr var_name1 .ds var_name2
- stores the 1st argument as number register and the second as string by
.nr var_name1 output_line1 .ds var_name2 output_line2
Printing towards STDERR is without Storage¶
The printing towards STDERR, (standard error) works as usual. All error information goes to the real normal standard error, without other automatic storage.
A possible Perl part in a roff file could look like that:
before .Perl start my $result = 'some data'; print $result; .Perl stop .ds string_var after
This stores the result ”some data” into the roff string called string_var, such that the following line is printed:
.ds string_var some data
A Perl part with several outputs is:
.Perl start print ”first\n”; print ”second line\n”; print ”3\n”; .Perl var1 var2 .nr var3
.ds var1 first .ds var2 second line .nr var3 3
gperl was written by Bernd Warken.
Documents related to Perl are perl(1), perl(7).
|26 December 2021||groff 1.22.4|