|chpst(8)||System Manager's Manual||chpst(8)|
chpst - runs a program with a changed process state
chpst [-vVP012] [-u user] [-U user] [-b argv0] [-e dir] [-/ root] [-n inc] [-l|-L lock] [-m bytes] [-d bytes] [-o n] [-p n] [-f bytes] [-c bytes] [-t seconds] prog
prog consists of one or more arguments.
chpst changes the process state according to the given options, and runs prog.
- -u [:]user[:group]
- setuidgid. Set uid and gid to the user's uid and gid, as found in /etc/passwd. If user is followed by a colon and a group, set the gid to group's gid, as found in /etc/group, instead of user's gid. If group consists of a colon-separated list of group names, chpst sets the group ids of all listed groups. If user is prefixed with a colon, the user and all group arguments are interpreted as uid and gids respectively, and not looked up in the password or group file. All initial supplementary groups are removed.
- -U [:]user[:group]
- envuidgid. Set the environment variables $UID and $GID to the user's uid and gid, as found in /etc/passwd. If user is followed by a colon and a group, set $GID to the group's gid, as found in /etc/group, instead of user's gid. If user is prefixed with a colon, the user and group arguments are interpreted as uid and gid respectively, and not looked up in the password or group file.
- -b argv0
- argv0. Run prog with argv0 as the 0th argument.
- -e dir
- envdir. Set various environment variables as specified by files in the directory dir: If dir contains a file named k whose first line is v, chpst removes the environment variable k if it exists, and then adds the environment variable k with the value v. The name k must not contain =. Spaces and tabs at the end of v are removed, and nulls in v are changed to newlines. If the file k is empty (0 bytes long), chpst removes the environment variable k if it exists, without adding a new variable.
- -/ root
- chroot. Change the root directory to root before starting prog.
- -n inc
- nice. Add inc to the nice(2) value before starting prog. inc must be an integer, and may start with a minus or plus.
- -l lock
- lock. Open the file lock for writing, and obtain an exclusive lock on it. lock will be created if it does not exist. If lock is locked by another process, wait until a new lock can be obtained.
- -L lock
- The same as -l, but fail immediately if lock is locked by another process.
- -m bytes
- limit memory. Limit the data segment, stack segment, locked physical pages, and total of all segment per process to bytes bytes each.
- -d bytes
- limit data segment. Limit the data segment per process to bytes bytes.
- -o n
- limit open files. Limit the number of open file descriptors per process to n.
- -p n
- limit processes. Limit the number of processes per uid to n.
- -f bytes
- limit output size. Limit the output file size to bytes bytes.
- -c bytes
- limit core size. Limit the core file size to bytes bytes.
- -t seconds
- limit CPU time. Limit CPU time to seconds seconds, delivering a SIGXCPU thereafter.
- verbose. Print verbose messages to standard error. This includes warnings about limits unsupported by the system.
- version string. Print a version string to standard error.
- pgrphack. Run prog in a new process group.
- Close standard input before starting prog.
- Close standard output before starting prog.
- Close standard error before starting prog.
chpst exits 100 when called with wrong options. It prints an error message and exits 111 if it has trouble changing the process state. Otherwise its exit code is the same as that of prog.
If chpst is called as envdir, envuidgid, pgrphack, setlock, setuidgid, or softlimit, it emulates the functionality of these programs from the daemontools package respectively.
Gerrit Pape <firstname.lastname@example.org>